Unit 1. Introduction to IBM System p Servers and AIX system administration Administration II class (Q/AU16) includes a discussion of diagnostics. In the following example, AU20 is the name of a non-DDN network, and AU16 is the name of a DDN network. * NPSI MCH DTE Window Packet Logical * LU. In the following example of the LINK statement, AU20 is the name of a non-DDN network, and AU16 is the name of a DDN network. * NPSI MCH DNIC DTE.
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Bythe company name had been changed to International Business Machines Corporation, and a line of business based on a printing calculator had begun to dominate its sales. Three-ring binder for 8.
The techniques and recordings of the project will be summarized in the following three sections: Experimental speech synthesis system description, diphone assembly algorithms. Detailed description of TASS-III system with circuit transfer functions s-plane equationscalibration values, and a description of the sound room used for testing. A graphics display replaced the previous multi-channel function generator. Research and Development, 8, Description of synthesizer, function generator, inm diphone synthesis techniques.
A research project to revive the diphone synthesis work after ten years. Watson Research Center Assoc.
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Byit had become apparent that familiarization with igm synthetic material limited the research staff’s ability to make further improvements in the synthesis.
The long patterns required up to five photocopies, in which the photocopies overlap. No record available of text-to-speech.
The patterns were then taped to a transparent, endless mylar belt to be carried past a flying-spot scanner photos. Contours on the older photocopies have been darkened by hand for better reproduction. Installed at the New York Stock Exchange. Word time slots of ms on a magnetic drum, words maximum, available to 48 telephone lines simultaneously.
Initial test material was a synthetic version of the Central Institute for the Deaf intelligibility test CID W22, using phonetically-balanced words. The stored values could then be assembled by the computer in any specified order and the resulting values output to a digital tape. User’s guide for develop- ment text-to-speech system.
I,K Discussion of the theory of diphone construction for multiallophonic roles in continuous speech. A partial control pattern and sound sample.
This function generator design was believed to offer improvement in flexibility and ease-of-use over the previous designs for multi-channel function generators using conducting ink see SSSHP UK University College London. Synthesis using an improved diphone segment library and algorithms. Watson Research Center, speech synthesis Dir. Watson Research Center report RC12 pp. Synthesis was initially seen merely as a method of insuring smooth juncture between stored segments, impossible to do with prerecorded human speech segments.
Also, the function generator and synthesizer offered immediate response, whereas complete computer simulation would have required overnight processing.
Donated by IBM Corp. Late in the year, additions to the function generator allowed the patterns to be sampled at millisecond intervals and punched into cards for entry into the IBM computer. K Truby, H. Diphone-assembly logic starts on leaf 17 for 12 pages. Dixon, by then at the T. To solve that problem, formal intelligibility tests were implemented, using naive listeners from a local university.
Dixon was able to improve the method of diphone segmentation and assembly, but text-to-speech capability was not reached. Goal of text-to-speech using diphone concatenation. Diphone-assembly rules for Lib 4. One of these techniques was seen to be speech synthesis for language translators, reservation systems, office business systems, and aids for people with impaired vision.
Test procedures and results of intelligibility tests using 64 words from telephone-intercept applications. Human speech was manually edited to fit portions of words or phrases into the fixed ms time slots. Truby coined the name “Diphone” for these segments. Words time compressed to either or ms.
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IBM’s use of online interactive ak16 with graphic displays took another decade to develop. By it had become apparent that diphones created in isolation were too stressed when used within words and phrases. IBM Confidential, declassified Jan. During this period, N. Dated Oct 30, to Jan 8, A synthesis approach based on assembling words from stored diphone segments was chosen because of the potential reduction in required computer storage over storing whole words, and the expectation that segment assembly would require less real-time processing than lbm synthesis by rule method.